When it comes to beauty, there’s no one-size-fits-all formula. That idea applies to your hair, too. Just as there are different types of skin, there are different types of scalp. When it comes to scalp types, there are three main categories: dry, oily and normal.

Here are the problems that can occur with each type of scalp, and the best way to care for it—because, as we know, a healthy scalp is the first step to healthy hair.

How to Determine your Scalp Type

To determine your scalp type, you need to take a closer look at your hair. Most people know if their hair is oily or not based on how often they have to wash it. An oily hair type may require a two-day wash to avoid looking oily, while a normal hair type may go about three days without starting to look greasy. People with dry scalps may wash their hair once a week before they notice oil. The thickness of your hair can also help you determine your scalp type. Thicker hair usually absorbs oil and makes the scalp less oily.

You can also use the paper tissue test to help you determine your scalp type. If you blot a tissue on the scalp of a normal hair type two days after washing, it will leave a small translucent area. An oily scalp type will leave a saturated trace and the hair will clump, and with a dry scalp type, you may not see any trace at all.

How to Care for a Dry Scalp

A dry scalp has irritated skin that flakes off. The skin may be slightly red, and concerns with this type of scalp include itching, tightness and even burning sensations. Eczema can also appear, as people with a dry scalp are more prone to it.

To care for it, wash hair once or twice a week and apply oils to help soothe, moisturize and reduce inflammation. If you have a dry scalp with flakes, use a medicated shampoo formulated with zinc, salicylic acid or magnesium. Ask your pharmacist for advice.

How to Care for an Oily Scalp

An oily scalp is caused by an overproduction of sebum by the sebaceous glands. The signs are: hair becomes greasy quickly after washing, accumulation of dead skin cells, acne and dandruff. Contrary to popular belief, dandruff occurs when there is too much sebum on the scalp, which leads to the accumulation and loss of skin cells.

You can tell the difference between dryness flakes and dandruff flakes by their size and feel. Dandruff is larger and feels greasy, while dryness flakes can be itchy and feel smaller.

To treat an oily scalp, wash hair daily or every other day to prevent oil from clogging the hair follicles. Avoid leave-in conditioners or thick formulas that can weigh hair down and contribute to an oily scalp.

How to Care for a Normal Scalp

The oil production of a normal scalp is balanced. You won’t have any problems with this type of scalp. To care for it, wash your hair every three or four days, using a mild formula.

Source : Real Simple